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9. Ultra-Small Particles

(7) Elementary particle : star

Now it's time to calculate the ratio of [elementary particle : star].
Stars in the galactic system are turning around the galactic center, while electrons are turning, or distributed in the meaning of quantum mechanics, around the atomic nucleus.
Therefore, we may regard them as corresponding to each other in a fractal structure.

However, you may easily notice a great disharmony between them.
In Our Galaxy, for instance, there are more than 300 billion stars; on the other hand, there are only a few electrons in the atom.

Hydrogen has an electron only, carbon has 6, nitrogen has 7, oxigen has 8, and even uranium, retaining a very heavy atomic weight, has just 92 electrons.

Here, I am going to suggest a new idea of the electron.
As known well, stars in the galactic system are not scattered at random but form spiral arms.
My opinion is that electrons may carry such appearances as spiral arms of the galaxy.

So to speak, the electron may be not a mere particle but a belt which consists of numerous ultra-small particles. (I will call such ultra-small particles as 'Ultimate Particles'.)
Such an idea will become clear by the following story.

Recently physicists have observed the actual radius of the electron.
It is measured to be less than 10^-20 cm, while the calculated one in quantum electric dynamics was 10^-16 cm.

The observation of the actual electronic size implicates an inevitable amendment of the concept concerning the electron.

When the electronic radius is 10^-20 cm, its volume is 10^-60 cm^3.
The electronic mass is said to be about 10^-27 g.
Consequently, the mass density of the electron becomes 10^33 g/cm^3.

It is a universal idea that the electron is a light particle, but, by the knowledge that the actual electronic radius is less than 10^-20 cm, such idea is bound to be amended.

The electron is not light.
It is heavy.
It is extremely heavy.

You may compare it with the neutron.

The neutron is said to be a heavy particle.
Its radius is about 10^-13 cm, therefore, its volume is 10^-39 cm^3.
The mass of the neutron is about 10^-24 g.
Consequently, the mass density of the neutron is merely 10^15 g/cm^3.

Why do people say that the diamond is a heavy matter?
That is because the mass density of the diamond is high.
The mass density 10^33 g/cm^3 of the electron is far higher than 10^15 g/cm^3 of the neutron, beyond comparison.

Now you may not say that the electron is light.
It is very heavy, without question.
However, why is it so heavy?

It is impossible to explain this fact by the idea that the electron is just a particle.
But it could be explained well by the idea that the electron might be a belt which consists of numerous Ultimate Particles.

The electronic belt is turning slowly, i.e. in about 250 km/sec, around the nucleus.
But, when it gets out of the atomic system, it is accelerated to the speed of light.
In this case, all Ultimate Particles comprising the electronic belt would run in a queue.
And, at the terminal of the accelerator, they would be concentrated at a point.

Accordingly, we may regard the observed electronic radius as being the radius of the Ultiamte Particle.
The cause of such a high mass density of the electron is now self-explanatory.

The sun is a star of typical magnitude in Our Galaxy, and its radius is about 700,000 km.

Now, we may transform [the elementary particle : the star] into
[the Ultimate Particle : the sun].

Ultimate Particle's radius : solar radius
= 10^-20 cm : 7×10^5 km
= 10^-25 km : 7×10^5 km
= 1 : 7×10^30

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